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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all around the world and also have been found in Australia in tiny numbers. Recently they have become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and many parts of the world, within the previous ten years. .
The main reason behind the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are exceptionally resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being dispersed in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at large turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and introduced back to the homes of guests in their luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the usage of travelers own sleeping linen in shared accommodation as a safety precaution against this pest.
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In ancient infestations, bed bugs are found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Afterwards, since the infestation spreads, the bugs proceed to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, adult bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but rather tough to view on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident from black or brown stains of dried blood excrement or spotting. There might be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes called buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells might be found near these areas, in addition to living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This method of communication and also the launch of alarm pheromones can make them quite difficult to treat as bed bugs become awake and fast vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can propagate into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a host, bed bugs will nourish and are likely to haven in close proximity to the victim. In this case, new see page locations can quickly become infested with bed bugs in a short amount of time. .
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Different people have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the sting. In others the sting site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or might take up to 9-14 days to grow.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly occur in individuals that are contagious, although this is rare. .
Discomfort and reduction of sleep is common from the emotional ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different areas on the entire body. Another characteristic is the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. The bed bug causes these rows being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to feed again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will also feed on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Even though they may carry diseases such as hepatitis they are not known to transfer such diseases to other individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is an issue. It's not uncommon for the live bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the exact location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and could be deposited in hidden areas that are difficult to deal with. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic because of the now smaller size of the newly re-emerged bed bug nymph. Once an infestation is detected, all adjoining chambers need to be inspected and treated if also influenced.
This can be finished by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very little ) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before substance treatment as it eliminates all dust and debris from the site of this infestation making it simpler for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.